Scottish startup Munro Vehicles has unveiled its first mannequin, the MK_1, which it calls “the world’s most succesful all-electric 4×4”.

The off-road EV, set to enter small-scale manufacturing from 2023, is alleged to supply a 1000kg payload, 3500kg towing capability, and a 16-hour off-road obligation cycle on a single battery cost.

It’s thereby designed as a zero-emissions choice for customers concerned in development, agriculture, mining, environmental, emergency rescue, distant infrastructure upkeep, and recreation “with out compromising on efficiency or functionality”, in accordance with its maker.

“Intensely centered on off-highway efficiency, reliability, ease-of-repair and longevity, the Munro is engineered to offer homeowners and operators with a long time of service,” it added.

The MK_1 can be priced in Britain from £49,995 ($A90,000) in five-door, five-seat, 130-inch wheelbase ‘Utility’ guise, with Munro claiming to carry just a few deposits already, in addition to orders from the UK, Switzerland, St Lucia, and Dubai.

While the primary batch can be hand-made subsequent 12 months, in 2024, Munro will transfer to a brand new purpose-built manufacturing facility in central Scotland, the place manufacturing is meant to scale to greater than 250 items per 12 months initially, and ramp to 2500 each year by 2027.

Munro claims it will likely be the primary automotive producer to construct vehicles at scale in Scotland since Peugeot-Talbot closed its Linwood plant in 1981.

The specs

Munro chosen an axial flux electric motor, which is alleged to weigh half as a lot as a extra widespread radial flux unit resulting from larger energy density. It’s positioned between the 2 front-seat occupants in entrance of the car’s bulkhead.

The Munro’s axial motor spins between 5000 and 8000rpm, a lot slower revolutions than is widespread. This negates the necessity for a discount drive, enabling drive to be taken on to the transmission switch case from the motor. By combining with a two-speed transmission, the motor can work at low speeds with higher effectivity, Munro claims.

When the Munro is in high-gear Drive mode, lifting off the accelerator gives a level of regenerative braking. But in low-gear ‘Off-Road’ mode the regenerative braking is rather more pronounced, enabling one-pedal driving.

The Munro includes a heavy-duty mechanical braking system utilizing non-vented versus vented discs which might develop into clogged in terrain.

The Munro is obtainable with a alternative of two electric motors, making 220kW and 280kW, and two battery packs with power capacities of 61kWh or 82kWh – the latter providing greater than 300km of claimed driving vary.

While the 280kW model sprints to 100km/h in a claimed 4.9 seconds, it’s probably not a car that prioritises straight-line punch. Peak torque of 700Nm is barely obtainable as much as 50mph (80km/h), which boosts low-speed crawling and towing capability.

The battery pack contains 35 lithium NMC modules mounted in three heavy-duty aluminium containers beneath the car. This association “ensures it’s fast, handy, and cheap to exchange particular person battery modules if required”, Munro added.

“With your common electric car, the battery is designed to final the lifetime of the automotive, so in most instances, clients won’t ever have to fret about changing it. But as a result of the Munro is engineered to final a number of a long time, we are going to both recondition or substitute the battery pack for patrons when the time comes,” stated head of powertrain Ross Anderson.

The Munro is obtainable with both 7kW or 22kW AC charging, in addition to CCS-type DC charging.

Munro claims at no level did it think about using a ‘skateboard’ chassis with two electric motors. Instead, the precedence was to equip the Munro with a single, central-mounted electric motor offering energy to a mechanical four-wheel-drive system.

“The finest method to drive off-road is to make sure that the identical quantity of torque is delivered to every wheel and that each one the wheels spin on the identical velocity. And regardless of how intelligent your pc is, you’re nonetheless going to have issues in case you’ve received a cut up driveline within the car,” the corporate contends.

It sits on a galvanised metal ladder chassis constructed with 5mm thick metal. Munro builds its personal axles and makes use of a mixture of aftermarket and “motorsport-derived elements” for the remainder of the mechanical driveline – by motorsport we imply off-road racing.

Off-road prowess is enhanced by a large 480mm floor clearance, and the claimed capacity to wade by way of water as much as a depth of 800mm. The radical design permits 84- and 51-degree method and departure angles, plus a 148-degree break over angle.

Before its world unveil, the MK_1 was subjected to an intensive two-year check programme, tackling a few of Scotland’s most demanding situations in all climate (let’s be sincere right here, it was virtually actually largely mud and rain!).

The physique is mounted to the chassis at eight factors. The firm says whereas it initially outsourced manufacturing of the physique, the aluminium panels are actually laser-cut, shaped, and folded on-site earlier than being moved just a few metres to the corporate’s paint store.

The MK_1 is designed to deal with a 1000kg payload and an ordinary Euro pallet within the load bay. There are additionally two front-side lockers designed to hold charging cables, bigger instruments, or moist climate gear.

The inside makes use of plenty of industrial switchgear, says Munro CEO Russell Peterson.

“The switches can be acquainted to anybody utilizing farming gear… they are often operated with gloves on, they’re totally waterproof, so with the hardwearing ground and door surfaces, the entire car will be energy washed from waist peak down,” Mr Peterson added.

“The switches are virtually inconceivable to interrupt, but when they get broken, they’re fast, simple, and cheap to exchange.”

The Munro is obtainable with a alternative of low- and high-power DC converters for working ancillaries reminiscent of winches and lightweight bars. In addition to 2 USB C sockets and two wi-fi charging pads, the MK_1 is supplied with two three-pin family sockets.

The dashboard includes a deletable double DIN display, suitable with Android Auto and Apple CarPlay. It can be upgraded with a superior unit or changed with a UHF two-way radio.

In phrases of gross sales, Munro says it can choose a sequence of brokers to market the MK_1 however is not going to set up a standard seller community. Each car will include a five-year/160,000km guarantee.

“We recognise and respect our clients’ proper to restore and keep their car, and their doing so is not going to invalidate the guarantee,” the corporate added.


Munro launched in 2019 with non-public funding supplied by Mr Anderson and Mr Peterson, and an extra injection of capital was raised in late 2021.

“We had already taken measures to scale back our personal environmental footprints and had quite a lot of expertise driving our personal EV, and received fairly used to the moment torque supply,” recollects CEO Peterson.

“But the off-roader we have been driving by way of the Highlands was combustion-engined, and it was actually struggling on the steep climbs. So, we have been musing how a lot better it could be with an electric motor.

“On the return journey, we stopped at a café in Braemar, the place a financial institution of 50kW speedy chargers have been sitting empty and unused. Parked up close by was a big group of combustion-engined safari journey 4x4s of a sort which might be now not manufactured and must get replaced finally.

“It dawned on us that there was a spot out there for an electric-powered, four-wheel-drive, utilitarian workhorse. We envisioned a car with final, go-anywhere, off-road capacity, unrestricted by road-derived underpinnings that restrict the all-terrain capacity of autos such because the 4×4 pick-up vans which have come to dominate the market.”

On a aspect notice, we reckon this factor might need legs right here in Australia, significantly the mining sector the place low mileage and poor air flow are widespread components…

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