visual history of the ford fseries

Car and Driver

The recognition of the Ford F-series pickup is not any fluke. Born greater than a century in the past, it earned its place in the American panorama by delivering rugged worth and constant innovation. Early on, it was its obtainable flathead V-8; subsequent was the twin-I-beam entrance suspension, and extra lately the truck has adopted industry-first aluminum bodywork and embraced smaller, turbocharged engines. From the first Model TT chassis cab, which debuted in 1917, to right this moment’s leather-lined four-door luxurious haulers, this can be a transient historical past of the long-lived Ford F-series.

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Humble Beginnings: Model TT Pickup

The Model TT truck launches in July 1917, 9 years after the Model T places America on wheels. It combines the T’s cab and engine with a sturdier body. It has a one-ton payload and accommodates quite a few third-party pickup-bed configurations. Ford sells 2019 items in the mannequin’s first yr, charging clients $600 apiece. A model of the Model T with a pickup physique joins the TT in 1925, marking the daybreak of the factory-assembled Ford pickup truck. In 1928, little greater than a decade after the truck’s debut, Ford put 1.3 million clients into Model TT vehicles. The Model AA and BB vehicles that observe proceed on the same path of success.

1935 Ford Model 50 Pickup (1935—1941)

Ford’s Model 50 pickup shares many of the styling updates of the model’s 1935 passenger-car lineup. Ford’s legendary flathead V-8 completely powers the Model 50. Production of the profitable mannequin comes to a halt in 1941, when Ford shifts its appreciable manufacturing would possibly to profit the battle effort. By this time, Ford has produced greater than 4 million vehicles.

First-Generation F-series (1948—1952)

With the aftermath of World War II winding down, Ford begins engaged on its subsequent era of shopper vehicles. (These will come to be often known as the F-Series Bonus Built vehicles.) Ranging in dimension and functionality from the half-ton F-1 pickup to the cab-over F-8, the lineup marks the starting of Ford’s complete truck-lineup technique.

Second Generation (1953—1956)

The second era of the F-series marks the arrival of the now basic classic F-series visage. The earlier F-1 turns into the F-100, whereas Ford folds the F-2 and F-3 vehicles into the F-250 line. Finally, the F-4 turns into the F-350. Heavier-duty fashions are spun off into Ford’s newly created commercial-truck division. Creature comforts resembling armrests, solar visors, a dome gentle, and an non-obligatory computerized transmission start to sprout, and an OHV V-8 replaces the storied flathead V-8 in 1954.

Third Generation (1957—1960)

The 1957 redesign brings main modifications to the F-series’ exterior. The new truck adopts the first hints of the wider, squared-off styling cues that can outline it in the many years to come.

Third Generation (1957—1960)

Four-wheel drive turns into a manufacturing facility possibility in 1959.

Fourth Generation (1961—1966)

Although the fourth-generation truck makes its debut in 1961 with a conventional solid-axle suspension, it will definitely receives Ford’s vaunted twin-I-beam setup in 1965. Available on two-wheel-drive fashions, the novel suspension design is hyped straight at noncommercial truck customers with the slogan “Drives like a automotive, works like a truck.” Although the twin-I-beam suspension is efficient and saved in use for many years to come, some homeowners complain about will increase in tire put on due to camber variations which are inherent to the suspension design. The first factory-built four-door crew cab seems in 1965 in F-250 trim and is bought as a particular order. The top-level Ranger seems in 1966, providing carpeting, energy brakes, energy steering, and air-con.

Fifth Generation (1967—1972)

Showing the first inklings of the design cues that can stay with the F-series for the subsequent decade or two, the fifth-generation F-150 options FORD spelled out in block letters on the hood, a grille sporting built-in headlamps, and a cab with almost 4 extra inches of shoulder room.

Sixth Generation (1973—1979)

Although it seems to be almost equivalent to the previous-generation F-series, the sixth-gen truck wears a redesigned grille, options parking lamps located above the headlamps, and sports activities a concave body-length groove that homes the side-marker lamps. The Club Cab arrives in 1974, providing both a pair of center-facing leap seats or a small bench seat with a foldable backside cushion. The F-150 seems for the first time in 1975. Even although it quickly surpasses the F-100 in recognition, the F-100 stays on the order books till 1983. Rectangular headlights are supplied on higher trim ranges in 1978 and develop into commonplace in 1979.

Seventh Generation (1980—1986)

Ford payments its seventh-generar F-series as “the first new truck of the Eighties,” and designs it with a concentrate on aerodynamics and plush inside trappings. While Ford sells 173,050 F-150s in 1980, the base F-100 nonetheless manages to discover 133,590 consumers. Of these, 73 % follow Ford’s trusted 300-cubic-inch inline-six engine with a one-barrel carburetor, which makes 117 horsepower and 223 pound-feet of torque. The F-150 supersedes the F-100 as the base F-series at the finish of the 1983 mannequin yr.

Eighth Generation (1987—1991)

Marking the fiftieth anniversary of the F-150, the 1987 mannequin sports activities a light refresh that comes with a brand new flat grille, flush headlamps, and rounded wheel arches. Power steering, energy brakes, and rear anti-lock braking at the moment are commonplace gear. The base 300-cubic-inch six-cylinder receives gas injection, elevating its output to 145 horsepower and a hearty 265 pound-feet of torque, simply 5 pound-feet shy of the 5.0-liter V-8.

Eighth Generation (1987—1991)

Ford seems to be to add slightly zip to the F-series lineup and releases the Nite Edition for the 1991 mannequin yr. Available strictly with common cab, all 1991 F-150 Nite Editions begin life as four-wheel drive XLT Lariats however put on black paint and blacked-out trim. The 5.0-liter V-8 is commonplace, whereas Ford’s 351 Windsor is optionally obtainable.

Ninth Generation (1992—1996)

A softer, extra aerodynamic-appearing fascia and hood spotlight the F-series’ 1992 redesign. The Nite Edition returns for yet one more yr, and in 1995 the F-series surpasses the Volkswagen Beetle as the world’s best-selling automobile, though the Beetle retains the title for passenger vehicles.

Ninth Generation (1992—1996)

Ford swings for the fences with the 1993 F-150 SVT Lightning. The sport truck is offered solely in a single-cab short-box configuration in both black or crimson. It depends on a beefed-up model of the company 5.8-liter (351 cubic-inch) V-8 engine producing 240 horsepower and 340 lb-ft of torque.

Tenth Generation (1997—2003)

The Tenth-generation F-150 represents the breed’s most dramatic redesign in over a decade. It additionally stands as a totem to the second Ford decides to actively market the F-150 to extra informal customers, leaving the F-250 and F-350 Super Duty fashions for industrial customers and heavy haulers. Sleeker and extra aerodynamic, the new F-150 makes use of a brand new, lighter chassis that ditches Ford’s vaunted twin-I-beam entrance suspension in favor of a torsion-bar setup.

Tenth Generation (1997—2003)

Although the SVT Lightning returns for the 1999 mannequin yr, it actually makes its bones in 2001. Offering 380 horsepower and 450 lb-ft of twist, it’s the strongest manufacturing passenger automobile bought in the United States (at the time). C/D testing reveals the Lightning can attain 60 mph in 5.2 seconds on its means to a 142-mph high pace, making it one of the quickest trucks we’ve ever tested. The truck begins at $32,460.

Eleventh Generation (2004—2008)

Larger than the earlier model, the 11th-generation Ford F-Series that arrives for 2004 incorporates a redesign that focuses much more on consolation and user-friendliness. Featuring bigger common and prolonged cab choices with extra storage and passenger house, the new truck displays the rising quantity of consumers who use pickups as a major automobile. Consumers reply in variety, driving annual F-series pickup gross sales, together with Super Duty variations, to an all-time excessive of 939,511 items.

Twelfth Generation (2009—2014)

For the 2009 F-150, Ford cribs liberally from its Super Duty brethren. The Super Duty, new the yr earlier than, proves common, so Ford offers the F-150 slightly familial resemblance to enhance its showroom enchantment. With a extra distinguished grille, aggressive headlamps, and squared-off styling, the Twelfth-generation F-150 strikes additional afield from its rounded, aerodynamically styled predecessors. The truck additionally will get the profit of a brand new, totally boxed body for improved torsional rigidity. Engines are up to date throughout the board. In 2011, Ford debuts a twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter V-6 for the truck. The Platinum trim stage additionally makes its entrance, reaching for luxurious truck clients with an unique grille, 20-inch chrome wheels, premium leather-based upholstery, and heated and ventilated seats.

Twelfth Generation (2009—2014)

The 2010 Ford F-150 SVT Raptor places the complete truck world on discover. Unlike earlier SVT tasks, the Raptor’s major magic lies not beneath the hood however in its rugged, off-road-ready long-travel suspension. Consisting of beefy cast-aluminum decrease management arms up entrance and Fox Shox Racing dampers in any respect 4 corners, the suspension boasts 11.2 inches of journey in entrance and 12.1 in the rear—inventory, proper off the showroom ground. Early variations ship with a 320-hp model of Ford’s SOHC 5.4-liter V-8. A way more applicable 411-hp 6.2-liter V-8 powers later Raptors.

Twelfth Generation (2009—2014)

Marking the finish of the line for special-edition F-150s earlier than the arrival of a brand new, aluminum-bodied 2015 mannequin, the 2014 Tremor depends on Ford’s 3.5-liter twin-turbo V-6 for motivation (and enchantment) slightly than a conventional V-8. The truck is basically a regular-cab F-150 with a graphics bundle and a 4.10:1 electronically locking rear differential, and it bears a hazily nostalgic connection to sport vehicles passed by. Buyers can select rear- or four-wheel-drive, however both means, they get a set of 20-inch wheels with 275/55 Pirelli Scorpion all-season tires. In our testing, the Tremor pulled a respectable 0.75 g of lateral grip on the skidpad, however its 6.0-second trot to 60 mph time merely fell in step with the relaxation of the twin-turbo V-6 F-150 lineup.

Thirteenth Generation (2015—2020)

The 2015 Ford F-150 wears a largely aluminum physique atop a conventional metal body. The new physique is lighter and extra rust-resistant than earlier than. The Eleventh-generation F-150 is the first pickup to earn a five-star NHTSA security score. And, sure, the F-series—together with the Super Duty—stays the top-selling automobile in the U.S., beer-can-body jokes apart.

Thirteenth Generation (2015—2020)

The unique F-150 Raptor proves a troublesome act to observe, however Ford deftly navigates the strain and crushes it with the Raptor 2.0. Powered by a 510-hp twin-turbo V-6, the new off-road-oriented F-150 leaps from the meeting line proper into our hearts—or off the nearest dune (as you see right here). More than simply an off-road animal, it proves to be a completely functioning each day driver and beautifully dependable throughout its 40,000 miles as a C/D long-term tester.

Thirteenth Generation (2015—2020)

Ford rolls out a few cosmetic tweaks for the 2018 F-150 together with some new wheel designs, however the actual information is hiding beneath the hood: a brand new direct-injected 3.3-liter V-6 replaces the getting old 3.5-liter V-6 as the truck’s base engine. Plus, after years of rumor and hypothesis, the F-150 receives its first half-ton diesel possibility. Based on the Lion turbo-diesel 3.0-liter V-6, the engine incorporates a host of upgrades that goal to optimize it for home truck obligation.

Fourteenth Generation (2021—)

The best-selling automobile in the U.S. is acquainted in fashion however wears a contemporary face. The most notable modifications to the 2021 Ford F-150 are inside. The new F-150 joins the Ram 1500 in the 12.0-inch touchscreen membership, nevertheless it additionally provides options resembling a stowable gear selector to turn the center console into a computer desk. Five engine choices carry over from the 2020 mannequin, together with a 5.0-liter V-8 and 4 V-6s: two twin-turbo engines displacing 2.7 and three.5 liters, a 3.0-liter turbo-diesel, and a naturally aspirated 3.3-liter.

A hybrid powertrain with an electrical motor sandwiched between a V-6 and a 10-speed auto joins the F-150 lineup. Hybrid fashions use the twin-turbo 3.5-liter V-6 and are available commonplace with rear-wheel drive however are additionally obtainable with four-wheel-drive.

The F-150 goes electrical! Ford places its most superior know-how into its first all-electric pickup—one which, on the exterior, seems to be largely like the present fourteenth-generation F-150. The Lightning is bought as an all-wheel drive crew-cab mannequin solely, and due to its decrease middle of gravity and heavy curb weight, drives like no different F-150 earlier than it.

The Raptor returns! Once once more, the mannequin depends on a 450-hp twin-turbo V-6 for motivation; nonetheless, this modifications for 2023 with the addition of the Ford F-150 Raptor R, which packs a burly 700-hp 5.2-liter supercharged V-8 beneath its hood and subsequently places the 702-hp Ram 1500 TRX on discover.

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